Finding Suitable Staff
Workforce in Germany
Germany has over 400 universities and universities of applied sciences (UAS). Almost 70,000 engineers and over 67,000 mathematicians and natural scientists graduated in 2011, with tendency to rise.
Through a combination of on- and off-the-job training in Germany’s so-called dual education system, hiring and training costs are reduced (especially for skilled craftsmen and technicians) and recruitment risks minimized. Vocational colleges closely cooperate with 470,000 companies in Germany, ensuring that education always meets specific industry needs.
Highly flexible working practices such as fixed-term contracts, shift systems, and 24/7 operating permits contribute to enhance Germany’s international competitiveness as a suitable investment location for internationally active businesses.
Hiring a workforce
Companies are supported in various ways during their search for suitable employees. The Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) offers professional recruitment services free of charge. It is represented in the municipalities throughout Germany with its job centers.
There are also numerous private providers of recruitment services. These companies normally charge the hiring company a fee of no more than two gross monthly salaries of the employee that they procure.
In addition, companies seeking new personnel usually advertise open positions in newspapers, journals, company websites, or on internet job market websites. Ads for specialists and highly qualified staff are usually placed in national newspapers and professional journals, whereas ads for skilled workers or low-qualification jobs normally appear in local papers.
Public Support Programs
A wide range of labor-related incentives programs supports the development of a company's pool of employees offering qualification and training measures for new employees. In addition to this, under certain conditions, companies can also be supported by wage subsidies.
Labor-related incentives programs are carried out and adjusted by the local job centers according to investor needs. Please refer to our incentives chapter for more information.