How to do business in NRW: Establishing a Company

Limited Partnership (KG)

The limited partnership (Kommanditgesellschaft, KG) is a legal form related to the oHG, but with the option of limiting the liability of some of the partners. This legal form is suitable for medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) seeking additional start-up capital but wishing to limit individual responsibility.

At least one partner, the general partner (Komplementär), is personally liable without limitation. The liability of the limited partners (Kommanditisten) is limited to their respective share of the partnership capital. A KG offers greater flexibility compared to other forms of partnerships as the capital base can be increased by including additional limited partners.

A KG is established when a partnership agreement between two or more partners (including at least one limited and one unlimited partner) is concluded. It is advisable for the partnership agreement to be made in writing. The liability of the limited partner will only become limited once the registration of the KG and the subscribed partnership contribution has been entered in the commercial register (which is obligatory).

The application to the commercial register must be made by all partners and be certified and filed by a notary. The total costs for registration vary, but EUR 400 can be used as a general guideline. A KG must then be registered with the local trade office.

For detailed information on business registration procedures please refer to the following site: